“Україна – моя Батьківщина” – урок для засідання клубу “Лінгвіст”. Розробка може бути використана для підсумкового уроку з тематики ситуативного спілкування “Україна” для учнів старших класів.
Topic: Ukraine is my Motherland
Aims: By the end of the lesson the children will enrich their vocabulary on the topic; develop their spoken production; develop their critical thinking; enlarge their feeling of patriotism
Aids: Computer, pictures, multimedia projector
- What is Ukraine associated with, to your mind?
II. Project presentation
Ukraine was known as “Kievan Rus” up until the 16th century. In the 9th century, Kiev was the major political and cultural center in eastern Europe. Kievan Rus reached the height of its power in the 10th century and adopted Byzantine Christianity. The Mongol conquest in 1240 ended Kievan power. From the 13th to the 16th century, Kiev was under the influence of Poland and western Europe. The negotiation of the Union of Brest-Litovsk in 1596 divided the Ukrainians into Orthodox and Ukrainian Catholic faithful. In The Ukrainian Cossack rebellion undermined the foundations and stability of the Commonwealth. In 1654 Ukraine asked the czar of Moscow for protection against Poland, and the Treaty of Pereyasav was signed. Under Russia, the Cossacks initially retained official autonomy in the Hetmanate. For a time, they also maintained a semi-independent republic in Zaporozhia.
After the Russian Revolution, Ukraine declared its independence from Russia on January 28, 1918. In 1920 Ukraine became a Soviet republic. In the 1930s, the confiscation of grain from Ukrainian farmers by Soviet authorities caused the famine, which took about 5 million lives.
Ukraine was one of the most devastated Soviet republics after World War II.
On August 24, 1991, Ukrainian proclaimed its independence.
On June 28, 1996 The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted.
The Ukrainian language took the second place on melodic criteria after Italian and it was ranked as the third most beautiful language in the world on such criteria as phonetics, vocabulary, phraseology and sentence structure after French and Persian at a linguistic contest held in Paris in 1934.
The literary Ukrainian language may be subdivided into three stages: old Ukrainian (12th to 14th centuries), middle Ukrainian (14th to 18th centuries), and modern Ukrainian (end of the 18th century to the present). Much literature was written in the periods of the old and middle Ukrainian language, including legal acts, polemical articles, science treatises and fiction of all sorts.
Influential literary figures in the development of modern Ukrainian literature include the philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ivan Kotlyarevsky, Mykola Kostomarov, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Franko, and Lesia Ukrainka.
Lexically, the closest to Ukrainian is Belarusian (84% of common vocabulary), followed by Polish (70%), Serbo-Croatian (68%), Slovak (66%) and Russian (62%). The Ukrainian language retains a degree of mutual intelligibility with Belarusian and Russian.
Ukrainian nature is one of the national heritages of the country. In Ukraine there are 21 nature reserves, 4 of them are biosphere. These are natural territories, where the whole natural complex is under protection. The largest and the most famous of them are Askania-Nova, the Polesie, the Black Sea, the Danube and the Ukrainian steppe reserve.
Ukraine nature also includes 22 national parks, the territories, where human activities are limited, but they are open for the tourists. Besides, speaking of Ukraine nature, it should be noted that there are 29 botanical gardens and parks in Ukraine.
Ukrainian nature is praised in many literary works, and it is not surprising. Given the features of the landscape of Ukraine, Ukraine nature is harmonious and beautiful. Here you can enjoy nature for any taste. Forests, prairies, mountains, seas, meadows, rivers, lakes and waterfalls, nature reserves, national parks, gardens, and the above described natural wonders of Ukraine, a great number of species of plants and animals. We are sure that if you want to enjoy the beauty of Ukraine nature, we can suggest you the best.
The economy of Ukraine is an emerging free market. The Ukrainian Hryvnia is the currency of Ukraine. Ukraine’s economy is ranked 45th in the world according to 2008 GDP. Due to the War in Donbass Ukraine’s economy is expected to decline 8% in 2014.
Ukraine is an agro-industrial country. In the current structure of Ukraine’s industry a great proposition is occupied by heavy industry, especially, the iron, and steel, machine-building and coal industries. A considerable part is played by the food, light and chemical industries.
There are two main branches of agricultural production in Ukraine: crop production and animal husbandry. Among the crops grown in Ukraine are sugar beet, wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, sunflower, a large variety of grain cultures, fruit and vegetables. The most widespread branches of animal husbandry are dairy and beef cattle breeding and pig raising.
Game “The cleverest”
- When did Ukraine proclaim its independence?
- When was the Treaty of Pereyasav signed?
- Which agreement in 1596 divided the Ukrainians into Orthodox and Ukrainian Catholic faithful?
- How many letters are there in the Ukrainian alphabet?
- Who is considered to be the father of the Ukrainian language?
- What language is the closest to Ukrainian?
- What mountains are situated on the territory of Ukraine?
- How many nature reserves are there in Ukraine?
- What is the deepest lake in Ukraine?
- What is the national currency of Ukraine?
- What is the national currency of Ukraine?
- What are two main branches of agricultural production in Ukraine?
Video “The Ukrainian poem by foreigners”
- Microphone “I love Ukraine, because…”
- Video “Love Ukraine…”